Izmir’s Dokuz Eylul University (DEU) Earthquake Research and Application Center (DAUM) Director Prof. Dr. A group of earthquake experts led by Hasan Sözbilir examined the Gülbahçe fault, where the hot water spring came to the surface right after the devastating 6.6 magnitude earthquake off Seferihisar on 30 October. The report prepared by the experts was presented to the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization. Following the report, a construction ban was imposed on the areas on the fault line.
Stating that for the first time in Izmir a construction ban was imposed on a fault line, Prof. Dr. Sözbilir said, “The studies on the Gülbahçe fault actually date back to the pre-earthquake of 6.6 magnitude. In the northern parts of the Gülbehçe fault, liquefaction was observed in some parts. Deformations that we call lateral spreading developed. In other words, it is caused by the very weak ground there and the presence of water in it. During the vibration, a lateral spreading occurred and liquefaction occurred. Since there is no structure on the fault, there was no loss of life and property.
Reminding that Izmir High Technology’s campus and Gülbahçe settlement are in the region, Prof. Dr. Hasan Sözbilir said, “For this reason, the fault needs to be evaluated in terms of earthquake hazard analysis. In the studies carried out in this region, we have determined that the fault, especially in the ditches we dug, was divided into 3 branches in the past, and that more than one earthquake occurred on the same branches in the ditches we dug. Therefore, in the future, when the fault generates an earthquake, it will still use these branches. Therefore, there is not much structure on these branches in terms of construction.
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