It was determined that life in the ancient city of Pompeii, which was destroyed as a result of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius about 2 thousand years ago, ended in 15 minutes.
According to research by the University of Bari in Italy and the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) and the British Geological Survey (BGS), M.S. After the volcano eruption in 79, the city of Pompeii was entertained in a short time, under a cloud of petrified lava fragments, ash, gas and dust.
Most of the 2000 people who died in the volcano eruption in the ancient city lost their lives due to the effect of this phenomenon called “pyroclastic flow”.
The research results were published in the journal “Scientific Reports”.
The Italian National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology said, “The pyroclastic currents that hit Pompeii during the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79 lasted about 15 minutes: The volcanic ash inhaled by the residents was deadly, causing them to drown,” said the statement.
According to the Institute’s data, there was no significant activity for nearly 800 years before Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79. Although they live about 10 km from Vesuvius, it is estimated that the people of Pompeii, who are not used to volcano eruptions, are not prepared for this big eruption.
According to the BBC Turkish report, the researchers emphasized that the residents of the city were trapped under this volcanic particle cloud in their homes or streets before they had the opportunity to escape. INGV Vesuvius Observatory researcher Roberto Isaia said that this volcanic cloud consists of “carbon dioxide, chloride, volcanic ash and fragments of stone”.
The article in the journal Scientific Reports said, “Exposure to pure hot air of 200-250 ° C can survive for 2-5 minutes, but the presence of hot fine ash in breathable form greatly reduces the survival time.”
Speaking to the Italian press, Isaia said that they reached these conclusions by developing a mathematical model with the help of their studies on the ruins in Pompeii, and that the findings can be applied to other volcanoes around the world.
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Considered one of the most important archaeological sites in the world, Pompeii was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1997.
Work continues to unearth the remains covered with a layer of lava and ash after the volcano eruption process in the ancient city. About one third of the 66-hectare area of the ancient city of Pompeii is still waiting to be excavated.
Pompeii Archaeological Park was one of the most visited places in Italy before the pandemic. 3.6 million people visited the archaeological site in 2018.